If creating a data centre is being considered, it is essential to keep in mind the basic principles and functions of the operation and construction of related technologies. This allows for easier assessment of risks and avoiding inefficient investments – choosing solutions that are inappropriate in aspects of their functionality and further use.
To simply characterise a data centre, it is an optimally aligned infrastructural facility that has these components:
- system of racks for server placement;
- corridors (cold and warm air);
- UPS equipment;
- commutation equipment;
- internal data network;
- cooling and climate control system;
- central electrical supply system and autonomous electrical supply system (diesel generators) that ensure continuous operation of all systems in case of disconnection of the central electrical supply system;
- DCIM management system (data centre infrastructural management) that ensures optimal infrastructural management – implementation based on internal technological data of the facility (temperature, power consumption, and other parameters), equipment monitoring;
- access control systems for the facility;
- fire detection and alarm system;
- fire notification system;
- gas fire extinguishing system;
- video surveillance system for security purposes, as well as physical equipment for an online surveillance system, if necessary.
When intending to construct a facility, several essential factors must be taken into account so that the mentioned systems are optimally built and used. In this blog, we have compiled four important considerations that should be kept in mind when choosing an appropriate technological solution and its supplier.
“It is important to keep in mind that when choosing the optimal technologies for a data centre, one of the most important factors is the implementation prognosis for the data centre – prognosis of implemented client flow dynamics or capacity for internal needs if the data centre is being built for the business’s personal needs, instead of to serve clients. Moreover, it is especially important to take into account not only the potential user dynamics, but also the demand structure (larger number of similar clients, some large clients and many smaller ones, etc.).”
The client dynamic is specifically one of the fundamental indicators that determines the selection of the most appropriate technologies so that upon the data center being filled, less electrical consumption would be necessary to provide the optimal operational parameters for the data center (operation of equipment, temperature, microclimate, etc.). Possibly, a correct prognosis allows to choose the most appropriate technology in order to adequately provide modular development in the future.
The second most important consideration when choosing technologies is the long-term operation of the data centre. When predicting this, tendencies in technological development (for how long will the equipment necessary for expanding the existing solution still be manufactured, will the next generation of solutions soon appear in manufacturing, etc.) must be taken into account, and the overall dynamics of the necessary computing power must be kept in mind. A data centre is a facility that is built for long-term operation, and that means that the chosen technologies must provide quality and cost-effective operation for at least 10-15 years.
The third consideration – whether to choose the technology of one high class manufacturer (including headliner, for example EMERSON, APC, Rittal) for the solution, or to choose a solution that intends the combination of equipment from various manufacturers, which is usually determined by economic considerations. When choosing the single manufacturer approach, the offer in the short-term is usually less financially attractive, however, in the long-term, it requires less expenses, provides more stable operation, is easier to develop, etc. The equipment manufacturer ensures that the components of the solution are optimally combined and inspected. And so, less expense for maintenance is possible. Large manufacturers also accurately guarantee equipment accessibility in the future, i.e., there is trustworthy information regarding equipment accessibility in manufacturing. Of course, expenses of technologies are essential and it is not always possible to obtain the full solution of one leading technological supplier. In these situations, options for combining equipment from several manufacturers are considered for the solution, seriously assessing the operation of the solution in the long-term.
The fourth consideration. It is important to choose a partner that ensures design and construction of other related technologies (other technologies in addition to racks, corridors, UPS, and cooling equipment) – server rooms, shells, electrical supply design, diesel generators (compliance with Tier level defined by Uptime Institute), low-voltage systems, security systems, and external electrical connections. An essential aspect in choosing such a partner is the client’s desire to ensure data centre construction according to Uptime Institute Tier level requirements. If a data centre is to be built according to Uptime Institute Tier requirements, then the partner must have certified specialists, also an indicator of competence in this type of work. Moreover, another key aspect to keep in mind: this service provider should have actual experience in creating Uptime Institute Tier certified data centres. Such experience means having gone through the certification process and having the skills and knowledge related to this, which is of paramount significance for creating further facilities.
If you are currently considering creating a data centre, wish to expand an existing centre, or have decided to build a data centre in compliance with Uptime Institute Tier requirements, we invite you to contact our specialists.